By James Franklin Johnson
the power of people to think compassion or empathy for one another—and convey that emotion by means of providing convenience or assistance—is an incredible antidote to violence and aggression. In historic Greece, the epics of Homer and the tragic dramas played every one spring within the Theater of Dionysus provided electorate worthy classes in regards to the necessity and correct program of compassionate motion. This booklet is the 1st full-length exam of compassion (eleos or oiktos in Greek) as a dramatic topic in historical Greek literature.
via cautious textual research, James F. Johnson surveys the therapy of compassion within the epics of Homer, specially the Iliad, and within the works of the 3 nice Athenian tragedians: Aischylos, Euripides, and Sophokles. He emphasizes reciprocity, reverence, and retribution as defining good points of Greek compassion in the course of the Homeric and Archaic classes. In framing his research, Johnson distinguishes compassion from pity. while in English the note “pity” indicates an angle of superiority towards the patient, the be aware “compassion” has a extra confident connotation and implies equality in prestige among topic and item. even supposing students have conventionally translated eleos and oiktos as “pity,” Johnson argues that our modern day thought of compassion comes closest to encompassing the which means of these Greek phrases. starting with Homer, eleos normally denotes an emotion that includes motion of a few variety, while oiktos often refers back to the emotion itself. Johnson additionally attracts institutions among compassion and the ideas of worry and pity, which Aristotle famously attributed to tragedy.
as the Athenian performs are tragedies, they customarily exhibit the disastrous results of a global the place compassion falls brief. even as, they give glimpses right into a international the place compassion can generate a extra beneficial—and consequently extra hopeful—outcome. Their message resonates with today’s readers up to it did for fifth-century Athenians.
Read Online or Download Acts of Compassion in Greek Tragic Drama (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture Series) PDF
Similar literary medieval criticism books
Greek and Roman biography embraces even more than Plutarch, Suetonius and their misplaced Hellenistic antecedents. during this booklet Professor Hägg explores the entire diversity and variety of historic biography, from its Socratic beginnings to the Christian acquisition of the shape in overdue antiquity. He indicates how inventive writers built the lives of renowned heroes like Homer, Aesop and Alexander and the way the Christian gospels grew from naked sayings to complete lives.
Tracing the trail from Troy's destruction to Rome's origin, the Aeneid explores the transition among previous and destiny. because the Trojans fight to discovered a brand new urban and the narrator sings of his audience's often-painful heritage, reminiscence turns into intertwined with a very important leitmotif: the problem of being a part of a gaggle that survives violence and destruction simply to stand the daunting activity of remembering what used to be misplaced.
Medieval literature is separated from us through such a lot of centuries that it may possibly look thoroughly international, either in its matters and its ideas. notwithstanding, this literature has a lot to assert to twenty first century readers and Steinberg’s booklet demonstrates its carrying on with relevance and charm. This advent to medieval literature presents a number of the cultural context that readers want to know so that it will comprehend the literature, resembling the non secular orientation of the folks, usually deep and honest yet occasionally handled casually or subjected to severe scrutiny.
Selected as one of many ten canonical performs through Euripides in the course of the Hellenistic interval in Greece, Hecuba used to be well known all through Antiquity. The play additionally turned a part of the so-called 'Byzantine triad' of 3 performs of Euripides (along with Phoenician girls and Orestes) chosen for research in class curricula, certainly for the brilliance of its rhetorical speeches and quotable conventional knowledge.
- Roman Satire and the Old Comic Tradition
- Urban Space in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age (Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture)
- Scribes and Scholars: A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature
- Medieval Arthurian Literature: A Guide to Recent Research: Volume 7 (Routledge Library Editions: Arthurian Literature)
- Writing and Representation in Medieval Islam: Muslim Horizons (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Literatures)
Additional info for Acts of Compassion in Greek Tragic Drama (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture Series)