Nuclear Physics: Personal Study Notes (Atomic, Molecular, by Mohamed F. El-Hewie

By Mohamed F. El-Hewie

This quantity encompasses 3 chapters from my own examine notes which covers all classes and notes in my research of Nuclear Engineering, from highschool all through my post-doctorate associateship.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 14: man made Transmutation
VAN DE GRAAFF ELECTROSTATIC excessive stress GENERATOR
COCKCROFT AND WALTON pressure MULTIPLIER
RESONANCE ACCELERATOR—CYCLOTRON
MORE strong PARTICLE-ACCELERATING MACHINES
METHOD OF SCINTILLATIONS
METHOD OF CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS
MAGNETIC SPECTROGRAPH technique IONIZATION CHAMBER METHOD
COUNTER METHOD
1. THE GEIGER COUNTER
2. THE SCINTILLATION COUNTER
3. THE CRYSTAL COUNTER
CLOUD CHAMBER METHOD
Diffusion cloud chamber
PHOTOGRAPHIC EMULSION METHOD
(1) Bohr's thought of nuclear disintegration
(2) basic scheme of nuclear reactions
(3) Complexity of nuclear reactions
(4) Equations of transmutations
(5) Nuclear cross-section (σ)
1. Substitutional reactions
2. Radiative catch reactions
3. Resonance disintegrations
4. trade reactions
5. Photodisintegration
6. Disintegration by way of electrons

THE NEUTRON
(i) construction of neutrons
(ii) Detection of neutrons
(iii) Distribution in velocity of neutrons—fast and sluggish neutrons
(iv) Transmutations produced by means of neutrons
(v) The mass of the neutron
(vi) Absorption of neutrons in matter
(vii) Diffraction of neutrons
(viii) suggest lifetime of unfastened neutrons
(ix) a few sensible purposes of neutrons

2. synthetic OR triggered RADIOACTIVITY
K ELECTRON CAPTURE
NUCLEAR ISOMERISM

3. NUCLEAR FISSION
(1) technique of inducing fission
(2) Detection of fission
(3) Fission products
(4) power liberated in fission
(5) creation of secondary neutrons in fission
(6) Chain reaction
(7) Transuranic elements

THE REACTOR OR PILE
THE ATOM BOMB
(1) resource of stellar energy
(2) The hydrogen bomb
(3) The rigged H-bomb
(4) managed thermonuclear reaction

CHAPTER 15: Cosmic Rays
A. The cosmic ray ionization chamber
B. The twist of fate counters
C. The scintillation counters
D. The counter managed cloud chamber
E. The photographic emulsion method
F. The bubble chamber method
1. THE range EFFECT
3. THE AZIMUTH EFFECT—EAST-WEST ASYMMETRY
4. THE NORTH-SOUTH EFFECT
5. SEASONAL AND DIURNAL alterations IN COSMIC RAY INTENSITY
6. THE ALTITUDE EFFECT
7. THE ABSORPTION OF COSMIC RAYS IN MATTER
8. size OF THE power OF COSMIC RAYS
9. THE POSITRON
A. Materialization of radiant energy
B. Emission of positrons by way of artificially produced radioelements
The mass of the positron
The cost at the positron
Absorption of positrons in matter
Annihilation of matter
10- THE MESOTRON
Mass of the meson
Mean lifetime of the meson
Classification of the elemental particles

11. COSMIC RAY SHOWERS
12. HEAVY PARTICLE elements OF COSMIC RADIATION
13. NATURE AND COMPOSITION OF COSMIC RADIATION
14. foundation OF COSMIC RAYS

CHAPTER sixteen: constitution and houses of the Nucleus
1. constitution OF NUCLEI
A. Theories of nuclear composition
(a) The proton-electron theory
(b) The proton-neutron theory
(c) The neutron-positron theory
(d) The unfavourable proton-neutron theory
B. Nuclear Models
2. dimension OF NUCLEI
A. NUCLEAR METHODS
(a) α-particle scattering
(b) The scattering of protons
(c) Neutron interaction
B. electrical METHODS
(a) Scattering of quickly electrons through atomic nuclei
(b) Mesic atoms
(c) Isotope structure
(d) reflect nuclei

3. NUCLEAR MASS
4. NUCLEAR CHARGE
5. NUCLEAR QUANTUM STATES
6. NUCLEAR STATISTICS
7. NUCLEAR SPIN AND MAGNETIC MOMENT
(i) research OF THE HYPERFINE constitution IN ATOMIC SPECTRA
Nuclear electrical quadrupole moments
(a) Counting the variety of hyperfine components
(b) Measuring the relative separations of the individuals of a kingdom cluster
(c) Measuring the relative intensities of the parts of the hyperfine pattern
(d) Counting the variety of hyperfine elements in Zeeman effect

(ii) approach to ALTERNATING INTENSITIES IN BAND SPECTRA
(iii) MAGNETIC DEFLECTION OF MOLECULAR AND ATOMIC BEAMS
(iv) learn OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE RADIO FREQUENCY SPECTRA
(v) research OF MICROWAVE SPECTRA

BIBLIOGRAPH

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