By Richard Mahoney
The Buddha is credited with basically and succinctly expounding the Buddhist direction (mārga). regardless of the eloquence and brevity of the Buddha’s exposition, the corpus of Buddhist scriptures explaining the trail is prolix.
It is usually idea that the ethical precepts (śikṣāpadas), right practices (samudācāras) and restraints (saṃvaras) for a bodhisattva are to be present in Mahāyāna sūtras. but apparently the main most likely final result of examining those sūtras isn't enlightenment, yet confusion. Mahāyāna sūtras seem too huge and intricate to be of a lot functional profit to an incipient bodhisattva.
This paper asserts that the Śikṣāsamuccaya (ŚS) and Śikṣāsamuccayakārikā (ŚSKā) are composed by means of Śāntideva (Ś) to counter the bewilderment which ends from studying Mahāyāna sūtras. either works explicate the fundamental rules (marmasthānas) of those sūtras for the good thing about a bodhisattva new to the way.
Further, this paper asserts that of all of the a variety of practices defined in Mahāyāna sūtras, Ś believes that the perform of giving (dāna ≡ utsarjana) is key. within the ŚS and ŚSKā the way in which of the bodhisattva (bodhisattvamārga) is largely the best way of giving (dānamārga).
In brief, Ś expects a bodhisattva:
1. to provide every little thing (sarva+√dā ≡ sarva+ut+√sṛj) that allows you to reach excellent enlightenment (samyaksaṃbodhi);
2. to make a priceless present of his individual (ātmabhāva), enjoyments (bhogas) and benefit (puṇya) in an effort to provide everything;
3. to maintain (√rakṣ), purify (√śudh), and bring up (√vṛdh) his present for you to make a valuable present; and
4. to perform the 4 correct strivings (samyakpradhānas) that allows you to look after, purify and elevate his gift.
It is said during this paper, then, that Ś considers the unsurpassed and excellent enlightenment of the Buddha attained by means of the perform of entire giving (sarvadāna ≡ sarvotsarjana) and whole giving attained by way of the perform of the appropriate strivings. ...
Overall, this paper makes an attempt to supply a finished research of the content material, constitution, subject and that means of the ŚS and ŚSKā. To the data of the current author, it's the first of its type. ...
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